The era of minimally invasive and laparoscopic surgery has started in the 1990's when Clayman started doing laparoscopic urologic surgeries.  


In our country, during the past two decades, laparoscopic urologic surgery began and has gained popularity among healthcare professionals and patients alike.  


The art of urologic surgery have evolved from the traditional open procedures to more minimally invasive ones.


At present, these are the procedures done via minimally invasive/laparoscopic and endourologic (endoscopic) approach:


Laparoscopy - Radical Prostatectomy 

                     Radical Cystoprostatectomy

                     Simple and Radical Nephrectomy

                     Dismembered Pyeloplasty

                     Adrenalectomy

                     Unroofing of Renal Cyst 


Endourology - Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

                     Cystoscopy

                     Transurethral resection of the prostate

                     Transurethral resection of bladder tumor

                     Visual internal urethrotomy

                     Ureteroscopy

Laparoscopic Dismembered Pyeloplasty 

Laparoscopic radical prostectomy

Laparoscopic Simple Nephrectomy

Supine PCNL