The era of minimally invasive and laparoscopic surgery has started in the 1990's when Clayman started doing laparoscopic urologic surgeries.
In our country, during the past two decades, laparoscopic urologic surgery began and has gained popularity among healthcare professionals and patients alike.
The art of urologic surgery have evolved from the traditional open procedures to more minimally invasive ones.
At present, these are the procedures done via minimally invasive/laparoscopic and endourologic (endoscopic) approach:
Laparoscopy - Radical Prostatectomy
Simple and Radical Nephrectomy
Unroofing of Renal Cyst
Endourology - Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Transurethral resection of the prostate
Transurethral resection of bladder tumor
Visual internal urethrotomy
Laparoscopic Dismembered Pyeloplasty
Laparoscopic radical prostectomy
Laparoscopic Simple Nephrectomy